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Follow in the footsteps of Alexander the Great — and later, Mark Antony and Cleopatra — with a visit to the great port city he founded in 331 BCE. Often called the “Pearl of the Mediterranean,” both its coastal and cultural climate set it apart from the Egyptian destinations you’ve visited thus far. And thanks to its storied past, Alexandria boasts a wealth of cultural and historic sites — many of which you’ll tour during your sojourn here. Explore its rich past as a center of learning at the celebrated Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Discover the mysterious underground world of its ancient Greco-Roman catacombs. Confront more recent history at the solemn El Alamein War Cemetery. You’ll also enjoy visits to the Alexandria National Museum, Roman Amphitheatre, and Pompey’s Pillar.